termites inside a mound

7 Ways To Get Rid Of Termites

Termites can be a real pain, particularly, because they come in colonies and therefore prove to be very hard to eliminate. However, this doesn’t mean that you can’t get rid of this nuisance. All you need to know is a little about the various types, their hideouts, and what they feed on. This will help you identify the most appropriate termite elimination method.

Understanding Termites

These are detritivore pests that appear in colonies. These pests feed on dead plants or trees or even dead parts of trees or plants. This makes them some of the common pests found in every home. This is because every home provides food, in terms of materials containing cellulose, which makes these pests thrive.

Termite Types

There are four major types including:

  • Dampwood

Just as suggested by the name, this termite is found in damp cellulose material. This type is usually creamy white or brownish. They are mostly found in the Pacific Coast, dessert or semi-dessert. They do not require soil in order to thrive. All they need is wood or plant material that is high in moisture. That is why you rarely find this termite type at home.

  • Drywood

Drywood do not require soil or moisture in order to thrive. All they need is a piece of wood and the colonies will be good to go. They thrive in dry wood that is above the ground. Their entry points are usually cracks and crevices.

  • Formosan

Formosan and subterranean colonies have very little difference. This group will normally build a refuge in soil and attack through wood or by constructing mud tunnels. The only difference between them and the subterranean is that they have to go back to the soil to obtain moisture.

  • Subterranean

Among all termite types, this type causes the most damage. Subterranean colonies can be found just about anywhere in the United States. However, they try to avoid cold regions as much as possible. They thrive both in wood and in the soil. To protect themselves and also to reach their target source of food, they build tunnels above ground using mud. This tunnels connect them to their source of food, and also help to trap moisture, a necessity for their survival.

What are the Signs of These Pests?

Any home that has wood is vulnerable to termite attacks. Thus, it is important that you give your wood a regular check for any signs of these pests. These pests are very clever. They will chew your wood and hide their tracks by leaving the exterior in perfect condition. However, if you touch any cellulose material that has been fed on by these pests, it will feel hollow. Therefore, if your wood feels hollow, you need to start planning a termite elimination.

Another common sign of these buggers is mud-tube structures. These tubes are built in order to retain moisture and enhance their survival. Therefore, if you have noticed mud-tubes connecting from trees to your house, then you probably should be looking out for these little enemies.

If you are dealing with a swarmer, what you should be looking out for is wings. Wings will be left near cellulose-material entry points as these pests wiggle and try to fit in the bored entries.

The presence of bubbles in the paint should is also a common sign of a termite infestation. They will chew your wood from the inside, coming to the top. As they do so, paint starts to crack or bubble due to the presence of frass, a waste product from these pests.

Ways of Eliminating Them

  • Exposure to Sunlight

Unwilling to use money on this? Then the best choice for eliminating your termite problem is going deadly natural. Expose those little pests to the sunlight and you will have solved your termite problem. Take the material infested by these pests and display it in the sun. The heat emitted by the sun will kill them.

  • Cardboard Trap

Another natural yet very effective way of eliminating termite colonies is by using a cardboard trap. Take a piece of cardboard and lay it near their habitat. Next, spray the cardboard or wet it to make the cellulose smell even more noticeable. This will draw these pests to the cardboard. Then you can take the infested cardboard out and burn it off.

Using orange oil is also a very effective method of drywood termite elimination. What you need to do is get orange pills and press them to get the juice. Then inject this solution into hollow spaces or bore holes in infected cellulose materials and inject it in. This will starve the pests by preventing them from feeding. Also, if they come in contact with the orange oil, they will automatically die.

  • Termite Flooding

This method is effective where mud-tubes have been built. If you notice these tunnels, then open them up and flood them.

  • Boric Acid

Boric acid is a tested and proven method of killing subterranean termites. Boric acid is used in most pesticides and kills pests by dehydrating and shutting their nervous system down. Spray boric acid on the infested areas, once every day.

  • Nematodes

This is one of the safest methods of termite extermination. Nematodes prey for pests. They are not in any way harmful to humans or pets. Nematodes work efficiently if used immediately. Otherwise, they will die if exposed to UV rays. If properly used, they target on the colonies and kill them just within 48 hours of use.

  • Electrocution

Electrocution is an easy way of eliminating these pests without the use of chemicals. What you need to do is purchase an electrocution device. Next, apply electric shock on the infested area. The high voltage will kill the pests immediately.

Bottom Line

Extermination of termite colonies takes great effort. However, it does not have to cost you much. But, if you have tried these methods and they do not work, do not hesitate to call a professional.

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